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Learn acostumbrar conjugation in Futuro Perfecto

acostumbrar means: to accustom, to be used to, to break in, to get sb used, to inure
Click to see all conjugation charts of acostumbrar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to inflect the verb acostumbrar in the Futuro Perfecto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Futuro Perfecto to English

Note that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Step by step instructions

Futuro Perfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Futuro de Subjuntivo (Future Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Refer to the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from acostumbrar only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive form to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for acostumbrar:
  • the stem is: acostumbr-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that acostumbrar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: acostumbrado.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Futuro de Subjuntivo, which is hubiere. And to that we add the Participio acostumbrado to get hubiere acostumbrado:
  • yo hubiere acostumbrado – I will have accustomed
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, and it is hubieres. And to this auxiliary verb we add the Participio acostumbrado (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieres acostumbrado:
  • tú hubieres acostumbrado – you will have accustomed
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Futuro tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiere. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiere acostumbrado:
  • él hubiere acostumbrado – he will have accustomed
  • ella hubiere acostumbrado – she will have accustomed
  • usted hubiere acostumbrado – (formal) you will have accustomed
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The first person plural has the form hubiéremos acostumbrado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense: hubiéremos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of acostumbrar: acostumbrado to get hubiéremos acostumbrado:
  • nosotros hubiéremos acostumbrado – we will have accustomed
  • nosotras hubiéremos acostumbrado – (feminine) we will have accustomed
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and it is hubiereis. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubiereis acostumbrado:
  • vosotros hubiereis acostumbrado – (plural) you will have accustomed
  • vosotras hubiereis acostumbrado – (feminine, plural) you will have accustomed
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubieren acostumbrado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Futuro conjugation. It is hubieren. We add the Participio of acostumbrar again (acostumbrado) to get hubieren acostumbrado:
  • ellos hubieren acostumbrado – they will have accustomed
  • ellas hubieren acostumbrado – (feminine) they will have accustomed
  • ustedes hubieren acostumbrado – (formal, plural) you will have accustomed

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now done. The final result looks as follows:

yohubiere acostumbradoI will have accustomed
hubieres acostumbradoyou will have accustomed
él/ella/ustedhubiere acostumbradohe/she/it will have accustomed
nosotros/nosotrashubiéremos acostumbradowe will have accustomed
vosotros/vosotrashubiereis acostumbradoyou will have accustomed
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieren acostumbradothey will have accustomed
Click to see all conjugation charts of acostumbrar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to acostumbrar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for acostumbrar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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