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Learn adorar conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

adorar means: to adore, to worship
Click to see all conjugation charts of adorar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb adorar in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Note that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Indicativo tense, we use the Presente de Indicativo (Present) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Refer to the conjugation charts and this haber conjugation lesson to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we’re focusing on the parts derived from adorar only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of our verb:
  • the stem is: ador-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that adorar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: adorado.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Indicativo, which is he. To that we add the Participio adorado to get he adorado:
  • yo he adorado – I have adored
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Indicativo tense, and that is has. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio adorado (so the exact same word as previously) to get has adorado:
  • tú has adorado – you have adored
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely ha. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get ha adorado:
  • él ha adorado – he has adored
  • ella ha adorado – she has adored
  • usted ha adorado – (formal) you have adored
The first person plural has the form hemos adorado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Indicativo tense: hemos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of adorar: adorado to get hemos adorado:
  • nosotros hemos adorado – we have adored
  • nosotras hemos adorado – (feminine) we have adored
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Presente de Indicativo tense, second person plural, and it is habéis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get habéis adorado:
  • vosotros habéis adorado – (plural) you have adored
  • vosotras habéis adorado – (feminine, plural) you have adored
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form han adorado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is han. We add the Participio of adorar again (adorado) to get han adorado:
  • ellos han adorado – they have adored
  • ellas han adorado – (feminine) they have adored
  • ustedes han adorado – (formal, plural) you have adored

That’s it! The conjugation is now finished. The final result looks as follows:

yohe adoradoI have adored
has adoradoyou have adored
él/ella/ustedha adoradohe/she/it has adored
nosotros/nosotrashemos adoradowe have adored
vosotros/vosotrashabéis adoradoyou have adored
ellos/ellas/ustedeshan adoradothey have adored
Click to see all conjugation charts of adorar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to adorar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for adorar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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