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Learn difundir conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

difundir means: to broadcast, to disseminate, to issue, to purvey, to spread, to suffuse
Click to see all conjugation charts of difundir in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to conjugate the verb difundir in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Notice that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Presente de Subjuntivo (Present Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Check out the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we’ll focus on the parts derived from difundir only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s very easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive form to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for difundir:
  • the stem is: difund-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that difundir belongs to the -ir verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: difundido.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Subjuntivo, which is haya. And to that we add the Participio difundido to get haya difundido:
  • yo haya difundido – I have broadcast/have broadcasted
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again need to take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, and that is hayas. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio difundido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hayas difundido:
  • tú hayas difundido – you have broadcast/have broadcasted
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely haya. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get haya difundido:
  • él haya difundido – he have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • ella haya difundido – she have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • usted haya difundido – (formal) you have broadcast/have broadcasted
The first person plural has the form hayamos difundido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense: hayamos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of difundir: difundido to get hayamos difundido:
  • nosotros hayamos difundido – we have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • nosotras hayamos difundido – (feminine) we have broadcast/have broadcasted
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and it is hayáis. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hayáis difundido:
  • vosotros hayáis difundido – (plural) you have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • vosotras hayáis difundido – (feminine, plural) you have broadcast/have broadcasted
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hayan difundido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is hayan. We add the Participio of difundir again (difundido) to get hayan difundido:
  • ellos hayan difundido – they have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • ellas hayan difundido – (feminine) they have broadcast/have broadcasted
  • ustedes hayan difundido – (formal, plural) you have broadcast/have broadcasted

This is it! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yohaya difundidoI have broadcast/have broadcasted
hayas difundidoyou have broadcast/have broadcasted
él/ella/ustedhaya difundidohe/she/it have broadcast/have broadcasted
nosotros/nosotrashayamos difundidowe have broadcast/have broadcasted
vosotros/vosotrashayáis difundidoyou have broadcast/have broadcasted
ellos/ellas/ustedeshayan difundidothey have broadcast/have broadcasted
Click to see all conjugation charts of difundir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for example sentences and some links.

Example sentences

Quienes hayan difundido la herejía serán castigados.
Those who have spread heresy will be punished.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to difundir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for difundir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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