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Learn durar conjugation in Imperfecto

durar means: to last, to wear well
Click to see all conjugation charts of durar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to inflect the verb durar in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

This lesson is specifically about the durar verb conjugation. For an overview of Simple Tenses conjugation see our Simple Tenses Conjugation Chart.

You may also see this Video Presentation on how to conjugate verbs in Imperfecto. It’s embedded below, but using the above link you may see more detailed information on conjugation in this tense and explanation of exceptions and special cases.

How to translate Imperfecto to English

Notice that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Note the timeline

The ability to accurately locate the intended position on the timeline is a crucial skill for the right choice of tenses. So pay attention to the timeline in our lessons and visualize it while listening, speaking, writing and reading. After some practice you will be able to select the right tense to use much easier.timeline preterito imperfecto how to conjugate spanish verbs

Step by step instructions

Imperfecto belongs to the simple tenses group, which means that all of the conjugated forms are one word long. There are also compound (compuesto) tenses in the Spanish language, where each inflected form consists of two words.The verb durar has regular conjugation in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means that this verb just follows the general rules for its group (-ar) without exceptions. This tense is really easy, because only three exceptions exist!
The basis for the conjugation in this tense is the stem of the verb, so we begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s very easy to do. Just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending — one of -ar, -er or -ir. What’s left is the stem. So for our verb:
  • the stem is: dur-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Use the stem dur- in each subject as the basis for the conjugations, the common prefix or root that each of the forms begins with.
Next, add to this regular stem the endings specific to each person. Check out the image showing all the endings. Notice both the colors and shapes of the letters. It should help you find patterns and make it easier to remember these endings.Each grammatical person has a specific ending in each of the three conjugation groups -ar, -er, -ir.
endings preterito imperfecto ar how to conjugate spanish verbs
Add the regular ending -aba for the first person singular to create duraba:
  • yo duraba – I lasted
Similarly add the regular ending -abas for the second person singular to create durabas:
  • tú durabas – you lasted
And as before add the regular ending -aba for the third person singular to create duraba:
  • él duraba – he lasted
  • ella duraba – she lasted
  • usted duraba – (formal) you lasted
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And again add the regular ending -ábamos for the first person plural to create durábamos.
Note difference in spelling

Only the first person plural has an accent here.

This difference exists only in case of the verbs from the -ar group. Other groups always have an accented i in the ending in this tense.So add the accent to get durábamos:
  • nosotros durábamos – we lasted
  • nosotras durábamos – (feminine) we lasted
And once more add the regular ending -abais for the second person plural to create durabais:
  • vosotros durabais – (plural) you lasted
  • vosotras durabais – (feminine, plural) you lasted
And one more time add the regular ending -aban for the third person plural to create duraban:
  • ellos duraban – they lasted
  • ellas duraban – (feminine) they lasted
  • ustedes duraban – (formal, plural) you lasted

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yodurabaI lasted
durabasyou lasted
él/ella/usteddurabahe/she/it lasted
nosotros/nosotrasdurábamoswe lasted
vosotros/vosotrasdurabaisyou lasted
ellos/ellas/ustedesdurabanthey lasted
Click to see all conjugation charts of durar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to durar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for durar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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