YOU ARE HERE:  Step by step » elegir in Futuro Perfecto

Learn elegir conjugation in Futuro Perfecto

elegir means: to choose, to elect, to vote
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to inflect the verb elegir in the Futuro Perfecto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Futuro Perfecto to English

Note that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

rek

Step by step instructions

Futuro Perfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Futuro de Subjuntivo (Future Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we’re focusing on the parts derived from elegir only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of the verb elegir it’s easy to see that:
  • the stem is: eleg-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that elegir belongs to the -ir verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: elegido.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Futuro de Subjuntivo, which is hubiere. To that we add the Participio elegido to get hubiere elegido:
  • yo hubiere elegido – I will have chosen
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again need to take the second person singular form of haber from the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, and it is hubieres. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio elegido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieres elegido:
  • tú hubieres elegido – you will have chosen
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Futuro tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiere. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiere elegido:
  • él hubiere elegido – he will have chosen
  • ella hubiere elegido – she will have chosen
  • usted hubiere elegido – (formal) you will have chosen
rek
The first person plural has the form hubiéremos elegido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense: hubiéremos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of elegir: elegido to get hubiéremos elegido:
  • nosotros hubiéremos elegido – we will have chosen
  • nosotras hubiéremos elegido – (feminine) we will have chosen
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and that’s hubiereis. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubiereis elegido:
  • vosotros hubiereis elegido – (plural) you will have chosen
  • vosotras hubiereis elegido – (feminine, plural) you will have chosen
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubieren elegido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Futuro conjugation. It is hubieren. We add the Participio of elegir again (elegido) to get hubieren elegido:
  • ellos hubieren elegido – they will have chosen
  • ellas hubieren elegido – (feminine) they will have chosen
  • ustedes hubieren elegido – (formal, plural) you will have chosen

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now finished. Put together, the conjugation chart looks like this:

yohubiere elegidoI will have chosen
hubieres elegidoyou will have chosen
él/ella/ustedhubiere elegidohe/she/it will have chosen
nosotros/nosotrashubiéremos elegidowe will have chosen
vosotros/vosotrashubiereis elegidoyou will have chosen
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieren elegidothey will have chosen
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to elegir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for elegir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

rek

Report a mistake | Give feedback

Thank you very much for making the effort to contact us!
We strive to provide the highest quality content and we greatly appreciate even the smallest suggestions:

Please solve this anti-spam quiz: How much is one plus one? 

loading...
close [X]