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Learn elegir conjugation in Imperfecto

elegir means: to choose, to elect, to vote
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will learn how to inflect the verb elegir in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

This lesson is specifically about the elegir conjugation. For a general overview of Simple Tenses conjugation check the Simple Tenses Conjugation Chart.

You may also see this Video Presentation on how to conjugate verbs in Imperfecto. It’s embedded below, but using the above link you may get additional information on conjugation in this tense and explanation of exceptions and special cases.

How to translate Imperfecto to English

Note that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Note the timeline

The ability to correctly locate the intended position on the timeline is an important skill for the right choice of tenses. So pay attention to the timeline in our lessons and visualize it while listening, speaking, reading or writing. After a bit practice you’ll be able to select the right tense to use much easier.timeline preterito imperfecto how to conjugate spanish verbs

Step by step instructions

Imperfecto belongs to the simple tenses group, which means that all of the conjugated forms are one word long. There are also compound (compuesto) tenses in the Spanish language, where each inflected verb form consists of two words.The verb elegir has regular conjugation in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means this verb simply follows the basic rules for its conjugation group (-ir) without any exceptions. This tense is really easy, as there are only three exceptions!
The basis for this conjugation is the stem of the verb, so we start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do. Just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending — one of -ar, -er or -ir. What’s left is the stem. So in case of the verb elegir it’s easy to see that:
  • the stem is: eleg-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Use the stem eleg- in each person as the basis for the conjugation, the common prefix that each of the forms begins with.
Next, add to this regular stem the endings specific to each person. Analyze the image showing all six endings. Note the colors and shapes of the letters. They are arranged to help you find patterns and make it easier to remember these endings.

Also note that in verb groups -er and -ir all six endings in both Pretéterito Imperfecto and Condicional tenses are the same. Good tip to remember. The only difference is that the Condicional uses the entire infinitive as the stem.Each grammatical person has a specific ending in each of the three conjugation groups -ar, -er, -ir.
endings preterito imperfecto ir how to conjugate spanish verbs
Add the regular ending -ía for the first person singular to create elegía:
  • yo elegía – I chose
And similarly add the regular ending -ías for the second person singular to create elegías:
  • tú elegías – you chose
And once more add the regular ending -ía for the third person singular to create elegía:
  • él elegía – he chose
  • ella elegía – she chose
  • usted elegía – (formal) you chose
And once more add the regular ending -íamos for the first person plural to create elegíamos:
  • nosotros elegíamos – we chose
  • nosotras elegíamos – (feminine) we chose
Similarly add the regular ending -íais for the second person plural to create elegíais:
  • vosotros elegíais – (plural) you chose
  • vosotras elegíais – (feminine, plural) you chose
Similarly add the regular ending -ían for the third person plural to create elegían:
  • ellos elegían – they chose
  • ellas elegían – (feminine) they chose
  • ustedes elegían – (formal, plural) you chose

This is it! The conjugation is now complete. Put together, the conjugation chart looks like this:

yoelegíaI chose
elegíasyou chose
él/ella/ustedelegíahe/she/it chose
nosotros/nosotraselegíamoswe chose
vosotros/vosotraselegíaisyou chose
ellos/ellas/ustedeselegíanthey chose
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to elegir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for elegir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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