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Learn elegir conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

elegir means: to choose, to elect, to vote
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb elegir in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Notice that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Presente de Subjuntivo (Present Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Refer to the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we’re focusing on the parts derived from elegir only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive form and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for our verb:
  • the stem is: eleg-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that elegir belongs to the -ir verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: elegido.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Subjuntivo, which is haya. To that we add the Participio elegido to get haya elegido:
  • yo haya elegido – I have chosen
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, and it is hayas. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio elegido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hayas elegido:
  • tú hayas elegido – you have chosen
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely haya. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get haya elegido:
  • él haya elegido – he have chosen
  • ella haya elegido – she have chosen
  • usted haya elegido – (formal) you have chosen
The first person plural has the form hayamos elegido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense: hayamos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of elegir: elegido to get hayamos elegido:
  • nosotros hayamos elegido – we have chosen
  • nosotras hayamos elegido – (feminine) we have chosen
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and it is hayáis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hayáis elegido:
  • vosotros hayáis elegido – (plural) you have chosen
  • vosotras hayáis elegido – (feminine, plural) you have chosen
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hayan elegido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is hayan. We add the Participio of elegir again (elegido) to get hayan elegido:
  • ellos hayan elegido – they have chosen
  • ellas hayan elegido – (feminine) they have chosen
  • ustedes hayan elegido – (formal, plural) you have chosen

That’s it! The conjugation is now done. The final result looks as follows:

yohaya elegidoI have chosen
hayas elegidoyou have chosen
él/ella/ustedhaya elegidohe/she/it have chosen
nosotros/nosotrashayamos elegidowe have chosen
vosotros/vosotrashayáis elegidoyou have chosen
ellos/ellas/ustedeshayan elegidothey have chosen
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to elegir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for elegir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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