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Learn elegir conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A

elegir means: to choose, to elect, to vote
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we will learn how to inflect the verb elegir in the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A to English

Notice that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, we use the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A (Imperfect Subjunctive A) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Check out the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from elegir only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of the verb elegir it’s easy to see that:
  • the stem is: eleg-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that elegir belongs to the -ir verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: elegido.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A, which is hubiera. To that we add the Participio elegido to get hubiera elegido:
  • yo hubiera elegido – I had chosen
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, and it is hubieras. And to this auxiliary verb we add the Participio elegido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieras elegido:
  • tú hubieras elegido – you had chosen
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto A tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiera. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiera elegido:
  • él hubiera elegido – he had chosen
  • ella hubiera elegido – she had chosen
  • usted hubiera elegido – (formal) you had chosen
The first person plural has the form hubiéramos elegido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense: hubiéramos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of elegir: elegido to get hubiéramos elegido:
  • nosotros hubiéramos elegido – we had chosen
  • nosotras hubiéramos elegido – (feminine) we had chosen
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, second person plural, and it’s hubierais. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubierais elegido:
  • vosotros hubierais elegido – (plural) you had chosen
  • vosotras hubierais elegido – (feminine, plural) you had chosen
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubieran elegido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Pretérito Imperfecto A conjugation. It is hubieran. We add the Participio of elegir again (elegido) to get hubieran elegido:
  • ellos hubieran elegido – they had chosen
  • ellas hubieran elegido – (feminine) they had chosen
  • ustedes hubieran elegido – (formal, plural) you had chosen

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yohubiera elegidoI had chosen
hubieras elegidoyou had chosen
él/ella/ustedhubiera elegidohe/she/it had chosen
nosotros/nosotrashubiéramos elegidowe had chosen
vosotros/vosotrashubierais elegidoyou had chosen
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieran elegidothey had chosen
Click to see all conjugation charts of elegir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to elegir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for elegir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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