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Learn encontrar conjugation in Futuro Perfecto

encontrar means: to find, to encounter
Click to see all conjugation charts of encontrar in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we will learn how to conjugate the verb encontrar in the Futuro Perfecto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Futuro Perfecto to English

Notice that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Step by step instructions

Futuro Perfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Futuro de Subjuntivo (Future Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Check out the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we’re focusing on the parts derived from encontrar only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s very easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of our verb:
  • the stem is: encontr-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that encontrar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: encontrado.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Futuro de Subjuntivo, which is hubiere. And to that we add the Participio encontrado to get hubiere encontrado:
  • yo hubiere encontrado – I will have found
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again need to take the second person singular form of haber from the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, and it is hubieres. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio encontrado (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieres encontrado:
  • tú hubieres encontrado – you will have found
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Futuro tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiere. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiere encontrado:
  • él hubiere encontrado – he will have found
  • ella hubiere encontrado – she will have found
  • usted hubiere encontrado – (formal) you will have found
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The first person plural has the form hubiéremos encontrado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense: hubiéremos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of encontrar: encontrado to get hubiéremos encontrado:
  • nosotros hubiéremos encontrado – we will have found
  • nosotras hubiéremos encontrado – (feminine) we will have found
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Futuro de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and it’s hubiereis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubiereis encontrado:
  • vosotros hubiereis encontrado – (plural) you will have found
  • vosotras hubiereis encontrado – (feminine, plural) you will have found
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubieren encontrado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Futuro conjugation. It is hubieren. We add the Participio of encontrar again (encontrado) to get hubieren encontrado:
  • ellos hubieren encontrado – they will have found
  • ellas hubieren encontrado – (feminine) they will have found
  • ustedes hubieren encontrado – (formal, plural) you will have found

That’s it! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yohubiere encontradoI will have found
hubieres encontradoyou will have found
él/ella/ustedhubiere encontradohe/she/it will have found
nosotros/nosotrashubiéremos encontradowe will have found
vosotros/vosotrashubiereis encontradoyou will have found
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieren encontradothey will have found
Click to see all conjugation charts of encontrar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to encontrar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for encontrar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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