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Learn encontrar conjugation in Futuro Perfecto

encontrar means: to find, to encounter
Click to see all conjugation charts of encontrar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb encontrar in the Futuro Perfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Futuro Perfecto to English

Notice that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Step by step instructions

Futuro Perfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Futuro Perfecto de Indicativo tense, we use the Futuro Imperfecto de Indicativo (Future) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts and this haber conjugation lesson to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from encontrar only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive form and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of our verb:
  • the stem is: encontr-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that encontrar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: encontrado.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Futuro Imperfecto de Indicativo, which is habré. And to that we add the Participio encontrado to get habré encontrado:
  • yo habré encontrado – I will have found
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Futuro Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, and it is habrás. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio encontrado (so the exact same word as previously) to get habrás encontrado:
  • tú habrás encontrado – you will have found
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Futuro tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely habrá. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get habrá encontrado:
  • él habrá encontrado – he will have found
  • ella habrá encontrado – she will have found
  • usted habrá encontrado – (formal) you will have found
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The first person plural has the form habremos encontrado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Futuro Imperfecto de Indicativo tense: habremos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of encontrar: encontrado to get habremos encontrado:
  • nosotros habremos encontrado – we will have found
  • nosotras habremos encontrado – (feminine) we will have found
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Futuro Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, second person plural, and that’s habréis. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get habréis encontrado:
  • vosotros habréis encontrado – (plural) you will have found
  • vosotras habréis encontrado – (feminine, plural) you will have found
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form habrán encontrado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Futuro conjugation. It is habrán. We add the Participio of encontrar again (encontrado) to get habrán encontrado:
  • ellos habrán encontrado – they will have found
  • ellas habrán encontrado – (feminine) they will have found
  • ustedes habrán encontrado – (formal, plural) you will have found

This is it! The conjugation is now done. That’s the final result:

yohabré encontradoI will have found
habrás encontradoyou will have found
él/ella/ustedhabrá encontradohe/she/it will have found
nosotros/nosotrashabremos encontradowe will have found
vosotros/vosotrashabréis encontradoyou will have found
ellos/ellas/ustedeshabrán encontradothey will have found
Click to see all conjugation charts of encontrar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to encontrar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for encontrar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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