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Learn luchar conjugation in Imperfecto

luchar means: to fight, to struggle, to wrestle
Click to see all conjugation charts of luchar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to conjugate the verb luchar in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

This lesson is specifically about the luchar verb conjugation. For a general overview of Simple Tenses conjugation have a look at our Simple Tenses Conjugation Chart.

You may also see this Video Presentation on how to conjugate verbs in Imperfecto. It’s embedded below, but using the above link you may find additional information on conjugation in this tense and explanation of exceptions and special cases.

How to translate Imperfecto to English

Notice that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Note the timeline

The ability to accurately locate the intended position on the timeline is an important skill for the right choice of tenses. So pay attention to the timeline in our lessons and visualize it while listening, speaking, reading or writing. After a bit practice you will be capable of selecting the right tense to use much easier.timeline preterito imperfecto how to conjugate spanish verbs

Step by step instructions

Imperfecto belongs to the simple tenses group, which means that all of the inflected forms are one word long. There are also compound (compuesto) tenses in Spanish language, where each inflected form consists of two words.The verb luchar has regular conjugation in the Imperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means that this verb simply follows the basic rules for its conjugation group (-ar) without exceptions. This tense is really easy, as only three exceptions exist!
The basis for the conjugation in this tense is the stem of the verb, so we have to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do. Just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending — one of -ar, -er or -ir. What’s left is the stem. So for our verb:
  • the stem is: luch-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Use the stem luch- in each person as the basis for the conjugations, the common prefix or root that each of the forms begins with.
Next, add to this regular stem the endings specific to each person. Analyze the image showing all six endings. Notice both the shapes and colors of the letters. It should help you find patterns and make it easier to remember these endings.Each grammatical person has a specific ending in each of the three conjugation groups -ar, -er, -ir.
endings preterito imperfecto ar how to conjugate spanish verbs
Add the regular ending -aba for the first person singular to create luchaba:
  • yo luchaba – I fought
Similarly add the regular ending -abas for the second person singular to create luchabas:
  • tú luchabas – you fought
And as before add the regular ending -aba for the third person singular to create luchaba:
  • él luchaba – he fought
  • ella luchaba – she fought
  • usted luchaba – (formal) you fought
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And again add the regular ending -ábamos for the first person plural to create luchábamos.
Note difference in spelling

Only the first person plural has an accent here.

This difference exists only in case of the verbs from the -ar group. Other groups always have an accented i in the ending in this tense.So add the accent to get luchábamos:
  • nosotros luchábamos – we fought
  • nosotras luchábamos – (feminine) we fought
Like previously add the regular ending -abais for the second person plural to create luchabais:
  • vosotros luchabais – (plural) you fought
  • vosotras luchabais – (feminine, plural) you fought
And again add the regular ending -aban for the third person plural to create luchaban:
  • ellos luchaban – they fought
  • ellas luchaban – (feminine) they fought
  • ustedes luchaban – (formal, plural) you fought

That’s it! The conjugation is now complete. The final result looks as follows:

yoluchabaI fought
luchabasyou fought
él/ella/ustedluchabahe/she/it fought
nosotros/nosotrasluchábamoswe fought
vosotros/vosotrasluchabaisyou fought
ellos/ellas/ustedesluchabanthey fought
Click to see all conjugation charts of luchar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it is very important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to luchar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for luchar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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