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Learn ordenar conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

ordenar means: to order, to adjure, to arrange, to clean up, to milk, to put in order, to tidy up
Click to see all conjugation charts of ordenar in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to inflect the verb ordenar in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Note that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Presente de Subjuntivo (Present Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Refer to the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we are focusing on the parts derived from ordenar only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive form and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for ordenar:
  • the stem is: orden-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that ordenar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: ordenado.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Subjuntivo, which is haya. To that we add the Participio ordenado to get haya ordenado:
  • yo haya ordenado – I have ordered
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, and that is hayas. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio ordenado (so the exact same word as previously) to get hayas ordenado:
  • tú hayas ordenado – you have ordered
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we utilize the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely haya. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get haya ordenado:
  • él haya ordenado – he have ordered
  • ella haya ordenado – she have ordered
  • usted haya ordenado – (formal) you have ordered
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The first person plural has the form hayamos ordenado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense: hayamos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of ordenar: ordenado to get hayamos ordenado:
  • nosotros hayamos ordenado – we have ordered
  • nosotras hayamos ordenado – (feminine) we have ordered
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and that’s hayáis. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hayáis ordenado:
  • vosotros hayáis ordenado – (plural) you have ordered
  • vosotras hayáis ordenado – (feminine, plural) you have ordered
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hayan ordenado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is hayan. We add the Participio of ordenar again (ordenado) to get hayan ordenado:
  • ellos hayan ordenado – they have ordered
  • ellas hayan ordenado – (feminine) they have ordered
  • ustedes hayan ordenado – (formal, plural) you have ordered

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now done. That’s the final result:

yohaya ordenadoI have ordered
hayas ordenadoyou have ordered
él/ella/ustedhaya ordenadohe/she/it have ordered
nosotros/nosotrashayamos ordenadowe have ordered
vosotros/vosotrashayáis ordenadoyou have ordered
ellos/ellas/ustedeshayan ordenadothey have ordered
Click to see all conjugation charts of ordenar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to ordenar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for ordenar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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