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Learn periclitar conjugation in Presente

periclitar means: to decay, to decline, to be in danger
Click to see all conjugation charts of periclitar in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb periclitar in the Presente tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

This lesson is specifically about the periclitar verb conjugation. For an overview of Simple Tenses conjugation see the Simple Tenses Conjugation Chart.

You may also see this Video Presentation on how to conjugate verbs in Presente. It’s embedded below, but using the above link you can find more detailed information on conjugation in this tense as well as explanation of special cases and exceptions.

How to translate Presente to English

Note that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

The Spanish Presente de Indicativo tense translates to one of the following:
  • The English Present tense, for example:
    usted periclita
    (formal) you decay
  • The English Present Progressive (or Present Continuous) tense, for instance:
    ahora mismo usted periclita
    (formal) you are decaying right now

    Notice that the Spanish equivalent of the Present Progressive also exists and is in common use – that’s Presente Progresivo (or Presente Continuo).

Note the timeline

The ability to correctly locate the intended position on the timeline is a crucial skill for the right use of tenses. So pay attention to the timeline in our lessons and visualize it while listening, speaking, reading or writing. After a bit practice you will be capable of selecting the right tense to use much easier.timeline presente how to conjugate spanish verbs

Step by step instructions

Presente belongs to the simple tenses group, which means that all of its conjugated forms are one word long. There are also compound (compuesto) tenses in the Spanish language, where each inflected verb form consists of two words.The verb periclitar has an entirely regular conjugation in the Presente tense of the Indicativo mood. It means this verb just follows the general rules for its conjugation group (-ar) without any exceptions or spelling corrections.
The basis for this conjugation is the stem of the verb, so we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do. Just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending — one of -ar, -er or -ir. What’s left is the stem. So for our verb:
  • the stem is: periclit-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Use the stem periclit- in each subject as the basis for the conjugation, the common prefix or root that each of the forms begins with.
Next, add to this regular stem the endings specific to each person. Analyze the image showing all six endings. Note both the shapes and colors of the letters. They are arranged to help you find patterns and make it easier to remember these endings.Each grammatical person has a specific ending in each of the three conjugation groups -ar, -er, -ir.
endings presente ar how to conjugate spanish verbs
Add the regular ending -o for the first person singular to create periclito:
  • yo periclito – I decay
Once more add the regular ending -as for the second person singular to create periclitas:
  • tú periclitas – you decay
As before add the regular ending -a for the third person singular to create periclita:
  • él periclita – he decays
  • ella periclita – she decays
  • usted periclita – (formal) you decay
Like previously add the regular ending -amos for the first person plural to create periclitamos:
  • nosotros periclitamos – we decay
  • nosotras periclitamos – (feminine) we decay
And as before add the regular ending -áis for the second person plural to create periclitáis:
  • vosotros periclitáis – (plural) you decay
  • vosotras periclitáis – (feminine, plural) you decay
As before add the regular ending -an for the third person plural to create periclitan:
  • ellos periclitan – they decay
  • ellas periclitan – (feminine) they decay
  • ustedes periclitan – (formal, plural) you decay

Hurray! The conjugation is now finished. Put together, the conjugation chart looks like this:

yopericlitoI decay
periclitasyou decay
él/ella/ustedpericlitahe/she/it decays
nosotros/nosotraspericlitamoswe decay
vosotros/vosotraspericlitáisyou decay
ellos/ellas/ustedespericlitanthey decay
Click to see all conjugation charts of periclitar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to periclitar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for periclitar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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