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Learn periclitar conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

periclitar means: to decay, to decline, to be in danger
Click to see all conjugation charts of periclitar in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb periclitar in the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto to English

Notice that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo tense, we use the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo (Imperfect) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts and this haber conjugation lesson to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from periclitar only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we have to start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for our verb:
  • the stem is: periclit-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that periclitar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: periclitado.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo, which is había. And to that we add the Participio periclitado to get había periclitado:
  • yo había periclitado – I had decayed
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again need to take the second person singular form of haber from the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, and it is habías. And to this auxiliary verb we add the Participio periclitado (so the exact same word as previously) to get habías periclitado:
  • tú habías periclitado – you had decayed
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Imperfecto tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely había. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get había periclitado:
  • él había periclitado – he had decayed
  • ella había periclitado – she had decayed
  • usted había periclitado – (formal) you had decayed
The first person plural has the form habíamos periclitado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense: habíamos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of periclitar: periclitado to get habíamos periclitado:
  • nosotros habíamos periclitado – we had decayed
  • nosotras habíamos periclitado – (feminine) we had decayed
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, second person plural, and it is habíais. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get habíais periclitado:
  • vosotros habíais periclitado – (plural) you had decayed
  • vosotras habíais periclitado – (feminine, plural) you had decayed
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form habían periclitado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Imperfecto conjugation. It is habían. We add the Participio of periclitar again (periclitado) to get habían periclitado:
  • ellos habían periclitado – they had decayed
  • ellas habían periclitado – (feminine) they had decayed
  • ustedes habían periclitado – (formal, plural) you had decayed

This is it! The conjugation is now complete. Put together, the conjugation chart looks like this:

yohabía periclitadoI had decayed
habías periclitadoyou had decayed
él/ella/ustedhabía periclitadohe/she/it had decayed
nosotros/nosotrashabíamos periclitadowe had decayed
vosotros/vosotrashabíais periclitadoyou had decayed
ellos/ellas/ustedeshabían periclitadothey had decayed
Click to see all conjugation charts of periclitar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it is very important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to periclitar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for periclitar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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