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Learn provenir conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A

provenir means: to come from
Click to see all conjugation charts of provenir in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb provenir in the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A to English

Note that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

This verb conjugates exactly as venir with pro- added in front of every form
Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto A is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, we use the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A (Imperfect Subjunctive A) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we are focusing on the parts derived from provenir only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for our verb:
  • the stem is: proven-
  • and the ending is: -ir
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that provenir belongs to the -ir verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: provenido.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s proceed with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A, which is hubiera. And to that we add the Participio provenido to get hubiera provenido:
  • yo hubiera provenido – I had come from
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, and it is hubieras. And to this auxiliary verb we add the Participio provenido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieras provenido:
  • tú hubieras provenido – you had come from
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto A tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiera. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiera provenido:
  • él hubiera provenido – he had come from
  • ella hubiera provenido – she had come from
  • usted hubiera provenido – (formal) you had come from
The first person plural has the form hubiéramos provenido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense: hubiéramos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of provenir: provenido to get hubiéramos provenido:
  • nosotros hubiéramos provenido – we had come from
  • nosotras hubiéramos provenido – (feminine) we had come from
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We have to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo A tense, second person plural, and it is hubierais. Next, we take our unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubierais provenido:
  • vosotros hubierais provenido – (plural) you had come from
  • vosotras hubierais provenido – (feminine, plural) you had come from
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubieran provenido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Pretérito Imperfecto A conjugation. It is hubieran. We add the Participio of provenir again (provenido) to get hubieran provenido:
  • ellos hubieran provenido – they had come from
  • ellas hubieran provenido – (feminine) they had come from
  • ustedes hubieran provenido – (formal, plural) you had come from

Hurray! The conjugation is now finished. Put together, the conjugation chart looks like this:

yohubiera provenidoI had come from
hubieras provenidoyou had come from
él/ella/ustedhubiera provenidohe/she/it had come from
nosotros/nosotrashubiéramos provenidowe had come from
vosotros/vosotrashubierais provenidoyou had come from
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieran provenidothey had come from
Click to see all conjugation charts of provenir in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to provenir visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for provenir visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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