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Learn querer conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

querer means: to want, to like
Click to see all conjugation charts of querer in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will learn how to conjugate the verb querer in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Note that the phrases in English provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Subjuntivo tense, we use the Presente de Subjuntivo (Present Subjunctive) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we are focusing on the parts derived from querer only here.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we have to start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of our verb:
  • the stem is: quer-
  • and the ending is: -er
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that querer belongs to the -er verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: querido.

Now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, we can move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we simply take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Subjuntivo, which is haya. And to that we add the Participio querido to get haya querido:
  • yo haya querido – I have wanted
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, and it is hayas. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio querido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hayas querido:
  • tú hayas querido – you have wanted
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely haya. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get haya querido:
  • él haya querido – he have wanted
  • ella haya querido – she have wanted
  • usted haya querido – (formal) you have wanted
The first person plural has the form hayamos querido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense: hayamos. Second, to this word we again add the Participio of querer: querido to get hayamos querido:
  • nosotros hayamos querido – we have wanted
  • nosotras hayamos querido – (feminine) we have wanted
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We have to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Presente de Subjuntivo tense, second person plural, and it is hayáis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hayáis querido:
  • vosotros hayáis querido – (plural) you have wanted
  • vosotras hayáis querido – (feminine, plural) you have wanted
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hayan querido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is hayan. We add the Participio of querer again (querido) to get hayan querido:
  • ellos hayan querido – they have wanted
  • ellas hayan querido – (feminine) they have wanted
  • ustedes hayan querido – (formal, plural) you have wanted

¡Ya está! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yohaya queridoI have wanted
hayas queridoyou have wanted
él/ella/ustedhaya queridohe/she/it have wanted
nosotros/nosotrashayamos queridowe have wanted
vosotros/vosotrashayáis queridoyou have wanted
ellos/ellas/ustedeshayan queridothey have wanted
Click to see all conjugation charts of querer in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to querer visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for querer visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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