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Learn recorrer conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

recorrer means: to cover, to look around, to range, to travel, to travel across, to visit
Click to see all conjugation charts of recorrer in every tense

In this Spanish conjugation lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb recorrer in the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto to English

Notice that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.


Step by step instructions

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo tense, we use the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo (Imperfect) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts and this haber conjugation lesson to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we are focusing on the parts derived from recorrer only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s really easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive and you have the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So in case of our verb:
  • the stem is: recorr-
  • and the ending is: -er
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that recorrer belongs to the -er verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: recorrido.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo, which is había. To that we add the Participio recorrido to get había recorrido:
  • yo había recorrido – I had covered
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, and that is habías. And to this auxiliary verb we add the Participio recorrido (so the exact same word as previously) to get habías recorrido:
  • tú habías recorrido – you had covered
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Imperfecto tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely había. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get había recorrido:
  • él había recorrido – he had covered
  • ella había recorrido – she had covered
  • usted había recorrido – (formal) you had covered
The first person plural has the form habíamos recorrido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense: habíamos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of recorrer: recorrido to get habíamos recorrido:
  • nosotros habíamos recorrido – we had covered
  • nosotras habíamos recorrido – (feminine) we had covered
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We have to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo tense, second person plural, and it is habíais. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get habíais recorrido:
  • vosotros habíais recorrido – (plural) you had covered
  • vosotras habíais recorrido – (feminine, plural) you had covered
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form habían recorrido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Imperfecto conjugation. It is habían. We add the Participio of recorrer again (recorrido) to get habían recorrido:
  • ellos habían recorrido – they had covered
  • ellas habían recorrido – (feminine) they had covered
  • ustedes habían recorrido – (formal, plural) you had covered

Hurray! The conjugation is now complete. The final result looks as follows:

yohabía recorridoI had covered
habías recorridoyou had covered
él/ella/ustedhabía recorridohe/she/it had covered
nosotros/nosotrashabíamos recorridowe had covered
vosotros/vosotrashabíais recorridoyou had covered
ellos/ellas/ustedeshabían recorridothey had covered
Click to see all conjugation charts of recorrer in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it’s important to repeat and practice the material in order to retain it. Check below for some links.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your knowledge check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to recorrer visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for recorrer visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section


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