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Learn volatilizar conjugation in Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

volatilizar means: to vaporize
Click to see all conjugation charts of volatilizar in every tense

In this conjugation lesson we are going to learn how to inflect the verb volatilizar in the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto tense of the Indicativo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create and translate forms of each grammatical person.

How to translate Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto to English

Notice that the English phrases provided below next to each conjugation are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish conjugation, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

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Step by step instructions

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its conjugated forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each inflected verb form is one word long.

In a compound tense the endings of the auxiliary verb change, not the endings of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • A conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto de Indicativo tense, we use the Presente de Indicativo (Present) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
See the conjugation charts and this haber conjugation lesson to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from volatilizar only in this lesson.In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we have to start by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s easy to do – simply remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.So for our verb:
  • the stem is: volatiliz-
  • and the ending is: -ar
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can recognize that volatilizar belongs to the -ar verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ado ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: volatilizado.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Presente de Indicativo, which is he. To that we add the Participio volatilizado to get he volatilizado:
  • yo he volatilizado – I have vaporized
Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Presente de Indicativo tense, and it is has. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio volatilizado (so the exact same word as previously) to get has volatilizado:
  • tú has volatilizado – you have vaporized
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Presente tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely ha. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get ha volatilizado:
  • él ha volatilizado – he has vaporized
  • ella ha volatilizado – she has vaporized
  • usted ha volatilizado – (formal) you have vaporized
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The first person plural has the form hemos volatilizado. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Presente de Indicativo tense: hemos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of volatilizar: volatilizado to get hemos volatilizado:
  • nosotros hemos volatilizado – we have vaporized
  • nosotras hemos volatilizado – (feminine) we have vaporized
Again, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We have to get the conjugated form of the verb haber in the Presente de Indicativo tense, second person plural, and it is habéis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get habéis volatilizado:
  • vosotros habéis volatilizado – (plural) you have vaporized
  • vosotras habéis volatilizado – (feminine, plural) you have vaporized
And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form han volatilizado. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Presente conjugation. It is han. We add the Participio of volatilizar again (volatilizado) to get han volatilizado:
  • ellos han volatilizado – they have vaporized
  • ellas han volatilizado – (feminine) they have vaporized
  • ustedes han volatilizado – (formal, plural) you have vaporized

Hurray! The conjugation is now finished. That’s the final result:

yohe volatilizadoI have vaporized
has volatilizadoyou have vaporized
él/ella/ustedha volatilizadohe/she/it has vaporized
nosotros/nosotrashemos volatilizadowe have vaporized
vosotros/vosotrashabéis volatilizadoyou have vaporized
ellos/ellas/ustedeshan volatilizadothey have vaporized
Click to see all conjugation charts of volatilizar in every tense

But do not end your session yet – it is very important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for suggestions.

Next Steps to Perfection

  • To practice this conjugation and test your skills try this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to volatilizar visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for volatilizar visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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