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Learn temer conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto B step by step with detailed explanations

Image of temer conjugation in Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto B
temer means: to be afraid, to fear

In this lesson we will see how to conjugate the verb temer in the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto B tense of the Subjuntivo mood. It means we will see step by step how to create the following conjugation:

yohubiese temidoI had been afraid
hubieses temidoyou had been afraid
él/ella/ustedhubiese temidohe/she/it had been afraid
nosotros/nosotrashubiésemos temidowe had been afraid
vosotros/vosotrashubieseis temidoyou had been afraid
ellos/ellas/ustedeshubiesen temidothey had been afraid

How to translate Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto B to English

Notice that the English phrases in the third column of the above conjugation chart are not direct translations from Spanish to English. They are usually the closest general equivalents. The example differences are:
  • In Spanish, there is the form usted in the third person singular. But this person does not translate to the English third person singular. It translates to the so called formal you and uses the inflected form which is most often represented as he/she/it in English conjugation charts.
  • Similar situation happens in the third person plural, where ustedes translates to the English plural formal you but uses the form which corresponds to the they form in English.
  • Tenses are used differently in Spanish and English, so the actual translation should always take into account the context and focus on translating the meaning, not just words.
  • In both languages each verb may have multiple meanings and not every meaning translates directly to the other language. Here also, the context and focusing on the particular meaning helps to create the most accurate translation.

Step by step instructions

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto B is a compound tense (Spanish: compuesto). It means that all of its inflected forms consist of two words. In Spanish language, there are also simple tenses, where each conjugated verb form is one word long.

A compound tense is indicated by the ending of the auxiliary verb, not by the ending of the main verb, which is the case in Spanish simple tenses.

In the compound tenses, every person’s form consist of two parts:
  • An inflected form of the auxiliary verb haber. In case of the Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo B tense, we use the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo B (Imperfect Subjunctive B) conjugation of haber
  • Past Participle, which is always the same in every compound tense for a given verb
Image of Compound
Image of tem erCheck out the conjugation charts to learn how to conjugate the auxiliary verb haber. That’s a separate topic, so for brevity we will focus on the parts derived from temer only in this lesson.

In order to create the Participio form, we need a stem and an ending. We use the stem of the infinitive of the main verb, and a single ending, which depends on the conjugation group of the main verb. So we need to begin by splitting the infinitive into a stem and an ending. It’s very easy to do – just remove two letters from the end of the infinitive to get the ending – one of -ar, -er, -ir. What’s left is the stem.

So for our verb:
  • the stem is: tem-
  • and the ending is: -er
Based on the ending of the infinitive we can tell that temer belongs to the -er verb group. This group, in turn, uses the -ido ending in its Participio form. Putting all that together, our Participio is: temido.

And now, as we understand how both parts used by this tense are created separately, let’s move on with creating the final conjugation forms.
Image of -ido
Image of Conjugate haber in Pretérito Imperfecto B ...In order to create the first person singular form, we need to take the first person singular form of haber conjugated in Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo B, which is hubiese. And to that we add the Participio temido to get hubiese temido:
  • yo hubiese temido

Next, to create the form for the second person singular, we again simply take the second person singular form of haber from the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo B tense, and that is hubieses. To this auxiliary verb we add the Participio temido (so the exact same word as previously) to get hubieses temido:
  • tú hubieses temido
Similarly, if we want to create the form for the third person singular, we conjugate haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto B tense and we use the corresponding person’s form (third person singular), namely hubiese. Then we also take the same Participio as for all other persons, and putting them together we get hubiese temido:
  • él hubiese temido
  • ella hubiese temido
  • usted hubiese temido

The first person plural has the form hubiésemos temido. It’s created by following the same logic as in the other persons. We first take the form of the first person plural from haber conjugation in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo B tense: hubiésemos. Second, and to this word we again add the Participio of temer: temido to get hubiésemos temido:
  • nosotros hubiésemos temido
  • nosotras hubiésemos temido
Image of ... create a common Participle ...
Image of ... join them into a compound formAgain, let’s do the same for the second person plural. We need to get the inflected form of the verb haber in the Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo B tense, second person plural, and it is hubieseis. Next, we take the unchanged Participio, we join them, and we get hubieseis temido:
  • vosotros hubieseis temido
  • vosotras hubieseis temido

And finally, the last grammatical person on the list, the third person plural, has the form hubiesen temido. We create it in the exact same manner as in all the other grammatical persons. We need the third person plural of haber first, from its Pretérito Imperfecto B conjugation. It is hubiesen. We add the Participio of temer again (temido) to get hubiesen temido:
  • ellos hubiesen temido
  • ellas hubiesen temido
  • ustedes hubiesen temido

That’s it! The conjugation is now done. But don’t end your session yet – it is very important to repeat and practice the material in order to remember it. Check below for next steps.

Next Steps

  • To practice this conjugation and test yourself check this Conjugation Exercise or the Memory Game
  • To see other conjugation lessons for this verb choose another tense:  
  • For exercises and examples related to temer visit our Exercise section
  • To see conjugation charts in all tenses for temer visit the Conjugator
  • To explore other learning materials visit the Study section

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